European Art: 19th Century

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Farmhouse and Chestnut Trees at Jas de Bouffan, 1884-1885

Paul Cézanne

French, 1839-1906
Oil on canvas
36 1/8 x 28 11/16 in. (91.8 x 72.9 cm)
Norton Simon Art Foundation
M.1995.1.P
© 2012 Norton Simon Art Foundation

On view

Jas-de-Bouffan, meaning "habitation of the winds" in the Provençal language, was the Cézanne family estate near Aix in the south of France. This view demonstrates the artist's subtle compositional methods. The lines defining the trees and house are loosely drawn, allowing each element to merge with the surrounding environment. The modulation of the whole composition creates another set of visual tensions, as areas of creamy white unpainted canvas upset the apparent orderly progression toward the background.

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