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Ragamala Album: Malavapanchama Raga, c. 1625

Nepal: Bhaktapur (?), 1600-1650
Opaque watercolor and gold on paper
7 x 5-1/2 in. (17.8 x 14.0 cm)
The Norton Simon Foundation, Gift of Mr. Norton Simon
F.1978.32.3.P
© The Norton Simon Foundation

Not on view

Traditional Indian music is organized into a complicated system of families according to its emotional and structural content; each family consists of a male raga with five wives, or raginis, forming a ragamala, or “a garland of melodies.” Each raga is associated with a particular human emotion or mood, such as heroism, devotion or passion, as well as a certain time of day or season. Malavapanchama is a lordly figure seated on a throne and is being fanned by a young maiden.


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